Wheat sowing almost finished in RS

The initial establishment of the crop exceeds that of the 2021 and 2022 harvests

20.07.2023 | 17:19 (UTC -3)
Adriane Bertoglio Rodrigues, Cultivar edition

Wheat sowing has evolved to 95% of the projected area in Rio Grande do Sul, estimated at 1.505.704 hectares. The information is from Emater/RS. It was possible to continue planting despite the soil having moisture slightly above the appropriate level.

However, the crops sown in the days before the heavy rains suffered damage, such as soil erosion and surface runoff, mainly in areas of land convergence and in areas with greater machinery traffic. There was transport of soil, fertilizers and seeds. However, it will not be necessary to replant these areas, according to the institution's technicians.

The initial establishment of the wheat crop in the state is higher than that of the 2021 and 2022 harvests. And the initial development is highly satisfactory, even in periods of little sunshine. In crops at a more advanced stage of development, especially in the phases close to tillering, the movement of sediment and straw was smaller and restricted to specific spaces.

The strong winds did not represent major concerns for the crop, as the plants are in the initial stage of growth, with a reduced size. However, some earlier and densely planted crops on the borders showed some lodging.

White oats

Sowing on the 365.081 hectares estimated for this white oat crop has technically ended. The crops are well established, and the plants are at more advanced stages than the wheat crop. This factor contributed to reducing the impact of rain on the soil, minimizing surface runoff in cultivated areas.

However, in places where the winds were stronger, the taller size of the plants favored lodging. In part of the crops, grain harvesting was made unfeasible and, therefore, used for animal fodder or just as a ground cover plant.

Canola

The sowing of canola, on the 67.219 hectares cultivated in RS, has been completed. In general, there was adequate initial establishment and satisfactory distribution of plants per linear meter, factors that are essential to obtain good development and productivity in the crop. During the period, rain and strong winds caused occasional damage, which is being assessed.

Mosaic Biosciences March 2024