Epamig publishes book on banana cultivation

The work was designed to meet the needs of people involved in the banana production chain in Brazil

03.02.2021 | 20:59 (UTC -3)
Epamig Communication Advisory

The Agricultural Research Company of Minas Gerais (Epamig), in partnership with the Federal University of Viçosa (UFV) and the Federal Institute (IF) Baiano, published the book "Banana: from planting to harvesting". The objective of the work is to address the main techniques and most recent technologies applied to fruit production. The book, which brings together texts written by experts from Brazil and abroad, was created to meet the needs of students, researchers, extension workers, producers and others involved in the banana production chain in Brazil.

The launch of the work will take place on March 11th (Thursday), at 19pm, on the EPAMIG YouTube channel. The program includes talks about technical-scientific training focused on professional banana farming, perspectives for a globalized world and trends in the banana market. The online event does not require prior registration.

According to one of the book's editors, Maria Geralda Vilela, the work developed by the authors and co-authors goes back a long way. According to her, the chapters contain rich sources of useful and practical information for those interested in banana production. 

"The work is the result of the experience of people who are references in banana cultivation, whether scientific, technical or field experience. What we editors hope is that this work is useful and helps in the day-to-day running of a crop We wish success to those involved in the banana production chain. It's everything we hope for. Being able to contribute to the activity and to the people involved in the activity", emphasizes Maria Geralda, who is also coordinator of EPAMIG's fruit growing Research Program.

Yes, we have bananas!

The banana tree originates from Asia and its cultivation is quite significant in tropical and subtropical regions. The ease of consumption, flavor, absence of seeds and high nutritional value are bananas’ attractions. Fruit is a source of energy, vitamins and minerals, especially potassium. According to data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), bananas are the most produced fruit in the world, with a significant 115,7 million tons reached in 2018. 

In Brazil, bananas occupy seventh place in the ranking of gross value of agricultural production and around 95% of production is destined for the domestic market. Cultivated in all states, in greater or lesser quantities, banana cultivation is a source of income for family farmers. The states of Bahia, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and Pará are the most representative in fruit production.

Banana research in Minas Gerais

Minas Gerais is the third largest banana producer in Brazil, with a share of almost 12% of the national volume. The North of Minas is responsible for more than half of banana production in the state. The main cultivation areas are in the municipalities of Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova União and Nova Porteirinha. 

But the banana success story in Minas did not happen overnight. In addition to the efforts of producers dedicated to the activity, and the technical assistance that boosted the sector, the work of researchers in the field was fundamental. 

Also according to Epamig researcher, Maria Geralda, the first experiment with bananas in the North of Minas took place in 1978. 

“The only restriction at the time was the lack of water, but this was overcome with irrigation. Since then, experiments with this fruit have not stopped. In other words, there have been four decades of constant research into bananas in that region”, explains Maria Geralda. 

The most beautiful thing, highlights the researcher, is the knowledge built over the years, in partnership with Minas Gerais producers. "It's an exchange. They learn from us and we learn from them,” she concludes.

To purchase the book, write to bookbanana@yahoo.com.

Mosaic Biosciences March 2024