Brazil reduces wheat imports in the first half of the year

Brazilian imports reached 2,1 million tons, a volume lower than the 3,2 million tons in the first half of 2022

20.07.2023 | 14:14 (UTC -3)
Secretariat of Agriculture and Supply
Image: Gilson Abreu/AEN
Image: Gilson Abreu/AEN

The record wheat production in Brazil in the last harvest led to a 35% reduction in cereal imports in the first half of this year, compared to the same period in 2022. In Paraná, the volume between export and import was almost the same, with sales external purchases of 3 thousand tons more than international purchases. This is one of the analyzes in the Agricultural Situation Bulletin for the week of July 14th to 20th.

The document, prepared by technicians from the Department of Rural Economy (Deral), from the Paraná State Secretariat for Agriculture and Supply (Seab), shows that Brazilian imports reached 2,1 million tons, a volume lower than the 3,2 million tons in the first half of 2022.

National data was extracted from Agrostat, an online database that offers a detailed view of agricultural exports and imports. Brazilian production of 10,6 million tons of wheat last year also made it possible to sell 2,1 million tons abroad. It is the third largest volume ever exported by Brazil in the first half of the year.

Paraná, which harvested 3,5 million tons in 2022, continues to serve the domestic market as a priority. In the first half of this year, while exports totaled 178 thousand tons, imports were 175 thousand tons, with a view to meeting the specific needs of the mills.

The harvest of the 2023 wheat crop in Paraná should intensify from September onwards. The forecasted 4,5 million tons are a historic record and have the potential to keep export numbers high and contribute to the reduction of imported volumes.

CORN AND BEANS – Corn showed price appreciation on the international market at the beginning of this week. The accumulated increase in two business days was more than 9%, possibly reflecting the rupture of the grain flow agreement between Russia and Ukraine, which reduced the supply of products on the market, increasing the price.

For beans, the market has remained relatively stable, with few negotiations and small variations in prices. Between July 10th and 14th, producers received an average of R$ 188,00 for a 60-kilogram bag of colored beans, an increase of 2,6% compared to the previous week. Black was traded at R$ 217,00 a bag, with a reduction of 1,2%.

GARLIC AND FUNGICULTURE – The document also provides information about garlic, which was cultivated on 327 hectares in the 2022 harvest and harvested 1,6 tons, indicating a Gross Production Value (VBP) of R$23,3 million. Compared to 2013 – ten years ago – the indicators show declines: cultivated space was 30,9% smaller, production was reduced by 26,8% and the VBP dropped by 12,3%.

The bulletin also presents data on the global production of fungi. China is the largest producer, with a volume of 41,1 million tons, accounting for 48,2% of production. Mushroom and truffle cultivation continues to grow around the world. They are products valued for their flavor and gastronomic properties, used in a variety of culinary dishes.

Mosaic Biosciences March 2024