Researcher analyzes challenges and points out strategies for agriculture in Rio Grande do Sul after floods

Excessive rain in the state caused devastating impacts on the agricultural sector

20.05.2024 | 14:45 (UTC -3)
Janaina Machado de Melo
Photo: Disclosure
Photo: Disclosure

Rio Grande do Sul faces a critical situation due to the recent floods that devastated several cities in the state, leaving thousands homeless and, unfortunately, resulting in more than a hundred fatalities. In addition to the devastating impacts on urban areas, the agricultural sector is also suffering severely. Tiago Hörbe, researcher at RTC/CCGL, highlights that farmers face significant challenges, especially related to soil conservation and crop maintenance, amid this calamity scenario.

Excessive rain results in soil saturation, making it difficult to enter plots for management and implementation of the next crops. “This is a critical period for agriculture, as we are in transition from summer to autumn, when soybeans are harvested and winter crops are implemented. This is a period when the soil is bare, with little straw left over from soybean cultivation, which increases erosion problems,” he explains.

According to Hörbe, it is essential to adopt conservation practices to mitigate damage. This includes proper water and soil management, as well as being patient and waiting for more favorable weather conditions to plant winter crops. “It is crucial to only implement crops when the soil is in ideal conditions, avoiding planting problems and ensuring good plant development”, he points out.

For producers who faced delays in harvesting soybeans due to rain, specific analyzes are necessary to quantify productivity penalties, in a scenario in which some areas suffered total losses, with opening of vegetables and grain germination itself, due to the combination of high excessive temperatures and humidity. In these cases, local analyzes are necessary to determine whether the harvest is viable, considering the losses suffered.

In short, the moment requires farmers in Rio Grande do Sul to take a careful and strategic look at the challenges posed by excessive rain. It is necessary to look to the future and seek to devise strategies to minimize losses and ensure the sustainability of the agricultural sector even in the face of extreme weather events.

LS Tractor February