Irregular rains and high temperatures impacted summer crops, says Conab

A bulletin released by the company indicates that the lack of precipitation in regions such as the Center-West, Southeast and South have restricted the development of crops

01.04.2024 | 14:06 (UTC -3)

In the first weeks of March, first and second harvest crops benefited from the weather conditions in most producing regions. The irregularity and scarcity of precipitation in parts of the Central-West, Southeast and South regions have restricted the development of second-crop crops. Soil moisture remained stable in Mato Grosso, Goiás, Matopiba and in parts of the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. This favored the final phases and harvesting operations of first-crop crops, as well as the sowing and development of second-crop crops.

The analysis is in the Agricultural Monitoring Bulletin (BMA), published by the National Supply Company (Conab). The study presents the analysis of agroclimatic conditions and satellite images of summer crops for the 2023/2024 harvest.

Reduced rainfall volumes, associated with high temperatures, have caused water restrictions in second-crop crops in some areas of Mato Grosso do Sul, West and North of Paraná, in parts of São Paulo, North of Minas Gerais, Center-South and Center-North of Bahia. On the other hand, in Rio Grande do Sul, storms with strong winds and hail caused occasional damage to crops.

The behavior of the Vegetation Index (IV) expresses the good performance of the first harvest in the South and Matopiba regions. In the other regions, the index close to and below previous harvests reflects inferior performance, mainly caused by water restrictions or excess rainfall at the beginning of the harvest. Of particular note is the rise in the Second Harvest Crop Index, ahead of previous harvests in most regions.

Click on the link below to access the full bulletin. 

Mosaic Biosciences March 2024