Paraná producers resume planting summer crops

They are also evaluating the impacts after the rains; it has already been possible to highlight production problems in rice, wheat and barley

10.11.2023 | 16:20 (UTC -3)
Secretariat of Agriculture
Photo: Jonathan Campos
Photo: Jonathan Campos

The improvement in the weather in recent days, with the rains respite across the state, made it possible to resume planting summer crops, particularly soybeans and corn. On the other hand, it was possible to highlight production problems in rice, which was in the sowing period, and wheat and barley, already in harvest. The analyzes are contained in the Agricultural Situation Bulletin for the week of November 3rd to 9th, a document prepared by the Department of Rural Economy (Deral), of the State Secretariat for Agriculture and Supply (Seab).

The released report records that soybeans account for 73% of the 5,8 million hectares planted, while corn reached 95% of the 314 thousand hectares planned for the harvest. With firm weather, consistent growth is expected, especially in soybeans, which are slightly delayed in the south of the state.

However, the areas that were already planted showed worsening conditions. In the case of soybeans, 92% of crops were in good condition and dropped to 89%, while areas in average conditions rose from 7% to 9%. In corn there was a reduction from 83% to 78% for crops considered good, and an increase in averages from 15% to 19%.

Rice – the Deral bulletin points out that the cereal was also significantly damaged by the rains. The October estimate for irrigated rice was that 81% of the 18 thousand hectare area was planted and the crops were developing well. However, there has been significant change.

The rains reached the headwaters of the Ivaí River and its tributaries, causing flooding on the banks. There are eight of the 10 municipalities that produce the most rice, concentrating 80% of the area dedicated to the product. It is estimated that more than 10 thousand hectares were submerged for at least one day, which could result in significant loss, even if there is the possibility of replanting.

Wheat and barley – for these two winter crops, which were being harvested, the post-rain period made it possible to confirm the problems already predicted. Wheat still has 8% of the 1,4 million hectare area to be harvested. This week only 23% were classified as good, compared to 42% the previous week. In the last harvested areas there were many grains germinated on the cob.

In the case of barley, the harvest advanced 16 percentage points and reached 70% of the area of ​​87,3 thousand hectares, with a large part of the production declassified for use in the brewing industry. In the 30% fraction to be harvested, only 28% are in good condition, compared to 37% the previous week.

Bean – the beans also had reflections of the last storms. The planted area reached 86% of the predicted 111,4 thousand hectares, increasing just 3 percentage points since the previous week. In the countryside, areas in good condition decreased by 11 percentage points and are at 62%, while 34% are average and 4% are poor.

Coco – the agricultural bulletin also discusses coconuts. In national fruit farming, it is cultivated on 189,5 thousand hectares. Ceará, Pará and Bahia are ahead. In Paraná, coconut grows in the North and Northwest. In 2022, the harvest yielded 1,5 tons on 213 hectares, with a Gross Production Value of R$3,9 million.

At the Paraná Supply Centers (Ceasas), 6,6 thousand tons of product were traded last year, with a turnover of R$24,3 million, at an average price of R$3,65 per kilo. The fruit arrived mainly from Bahia (21,6%), Espírito Santo (18,9%) and Rio Grande do Norte (14,4%).

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