Grain harvest 22/23 should reach 46,6 million tons in Paraná

Last week, the price paid to soybean producers for a 60kg bag was R$120,13 on average; in the previous week, the average was R$ 120,98

30.06.2023 | 15:44 (UTC -3)

The new Subjective Harvest Forecast, released by Deral, shows that grain production in Paraná in the 2022/2023 cycle should generate 46,6 million tons in an area of ​​10,85 million hectares.

If confirmed, this estimate represents a 37% increase in volume compared to the 2021/2022 harvest, which had generated 34,1 million tons, mainly due to the influence of adverse weather conditions. The area is similar to the previous harvest, when farmers from Paraná planted 11 million hectares.

The report confirms the record soybean harvest, with 22,45 million tons in an area of ​​5,78 million hectares. The volume is 80% higher than that produced in the 2021/2022 harvest, which reached 12,45 million tons. Despite the reduction in the estimate for the second corn harvest, from 14 million to 13,8 million tons, the cereal has good productivity.

Assessments by Deral technicians this month also show the good performance of winter cereals. In total, there are 5,54 million tons, with emphasis on wheat, with 4,56 million tons of this total, a production 30% higher than in the last harvest, and barley, whose volume could reach 382 thousand tons this year. harvest, 14% higher than the 2021/2022 harvest.

In general, Paraná should have a good harvest, according to the head of Deral, Marcelo Garrido. “We have a good picture in Paraná at the moment, with good productivity in most crops.”

The numbers point to a record production of 22,45 million tons of soybeans in Paraná. However, the commercialization of the harvest remains slow. Historically, until June, sales were around 70%. This harvest, the percentage reached 51%, according to Deral analyst Edmar Gervásio. “The later harvest of the crop, along with flow difficulties, lower prices and overproduction, justify this slower commercialization”, he explains.

Last week, the price paid to soybean producers for a 60kg bag was R$120,13 on average. In the previous week, the average was R$120,98.

The expected production in the second corn harvest in Paraná reduced 209 thousand tons in relation to the initial expectation. The forecast is now that the state will harvest 13,8 million tons. The area planted in this harvest is 2,4 million hectares, 12% smaller than the area of ​​the 2021/2022 harvest. According to Deral, lower-than-expected rainfall in much of the state, along with pests in part of the crops, are the main reasons for the reduction. Compared to the previous cycle, of 13,3 million tons, the estimated volume is 4% higher.

In the market, cereal prices showed a reaction, registering an increase of 8% last week when compared to the immediately previous week. Producers received R$48,98 for a 60 kg bag. “However, the current price is still almost 40% lower than the prices charged in June 2022”, says Gervásio.

The second bean harvest occupies an area of ​​292 thousand hectares and, according to the latest survey carried out by technicians, production in Paraná is estimated at 506 thousand tons. This estimate, if confirmed, will be 11% lower than last year, concluded with 570,2 thousand tons. The cultivation area is also smaller. In the 2021/2022 cycle, beans occupied 342,9 thousand hectares. Now, the estimate is 291,6 thousand hectares.

The harvest of the current harvest is heading towards completion, with 81% of the total area. The climate has favored field work at this stage of the crop, and guaranteed excellent quality for the harvested beans. “It is believed that this work will be completed in all producing regions of the State in the next two weeks”, says Deral economist Methodio Groxko.

Last week, the producer received an average of R$244,00 per 60 kg bag for colored beans, a reduction of 0,6% compared to the previous period. Black beans were sold at R$208,00 per 60 kg bag, representing an increase of 4,5% compared to the previous week. The Deral economist points out, however, that while the price of colored beans continues to fall, the black type has shown a positive reaction in recent weeks and the value received is currently the same as in June last year.

The expectation for wheat production is still a full harvest, despite some specific problems observed in the North of Paraná. This week, planting progressed well with the dry weather after the rains, and reached 91% of the 1,39 million hectare area, according to Deral agronomist Carlos Hugo Godinho. Production is estimated at 4,56 million tons, 30% higher than in the last harvest. The area gain was 12%.

The prices paid by wheat producers have not yet reacted. Last week, farmers received, on average, R$66,17 for a 60kg bag, similar to what they received the previous week, R$66,38. “The values ​​are still at the limit of the production cost”, he analyzes.

LS Tractor February